IQ and your Brain

IQ and your Brain

Like an unbreakable bond, IQ and your brain are inseparable. For some, learning seems innate; mathematics seems effortless. But for many of us, it is a different story. So, can we improve our own IQ.

The debate has been raging for centuries; is intelligence innate or can it be improved by interventions? Are we born with the necessary intelligence for learning and success or is our environment responsible for shaping us? Can we, in fact, shape our own cognitive ability?

Many people believe that our intelligence levels are limited by biology on IQ and memory. While other psychologists have shown that IQ can be raised (see Cassidy, Roche & Hayes, 2011) leading to permanent increases in IQ (Roche, Cassidy &Stewart, 2013). Note: Cassidy and Roche are co-founders of RaiseYourIQ.

There can be different meanings to what we term intelligence. There is our “biological intelligence” (also known as neural efficiency. Then we have “psychometric intelligence” which is our measured IQ score (a method of estimating our biological intelligence).

The question is can we increase our biological intelligence? The research carried out in the past decade using various intervention tools (aka, brain training) have proven that it is possible for us to boost our neural efficiency and mental horsepower. Our cognitive ability can be made to work more efficiently. and in a more synchronized manner.

More research from Jaeggi (2008) showed that intellectual functioning could be improved. So, do these studies show us that our IQ score is no longer a number that limits our ability to grow. Interestingly, some of the greatest scientific minds of recent times possessed IQs below what we would call highly intelligent. People such as Richard Feynman, James Watson and William Shockley all had average IQs.

Another point worth making is that to measure improvement in IQ also requires us to consider how our intelligence is being measured in the first place. We should not confuse ability with knowledge. Any of us can study and improve our vocabulary. But does that make us smarter? To really measure intelligence, we need to measure the abilities that underlie the acquisition of knowledge, not the knowledge we current process.

“High, but not the highest intelligence, combined with the greatest degree of persistence, will achieve greater eminence than the highest degree of intelligence with somewhat less persistence”

Other psychologists have discovered that there is a strong link between what they term “relational skills” and IQ scores (O’Hora, Pelaez & Barnes-Holmes; 2005, O’Toole & Barnes-Holmes;2009, Cassidy, Roche & Hayes; 2011, Roche, Cassidy & Stewart; 2013). They showed that these relational skills can be taught which in turn triggers an increase in IQ scores.

What does relational skills have to do with IQ?

The psychologist mentioned above state that “relational skills are the understanding of mathematical relationships between concepts or objects such as things are the same as other things, more or less than other things, opposite to other things etc” The proved that having a strong handle on the relationships between and among other things has been shown to enhance thinking and problem solving skills. Relational skills are now referred to as the building blocks of intelligence by psychologists in the field of Relational Frame Theory.

Research from 2011 has shown that using Relational Frame Theory as an intervention can significantly improve IQ scores in children. A more recent study using this intervention also found improvements in IQ, verbal reasoning, and numeric reasoning.

Activities that involve relational training include:

  • language learning books (“this is a…” and “that is a…”)
  • object comparisons (full cup versus empty cup)
  • amount comparisons (penny versus dime)

“While we may continue to use the words smart and stupid, the monopoly of those who believe in a single general intelligence has come to an end

A study aimed to replicate and extend the pilot findings of Cassidy et al. (2011) which found that teaching children to derive various relations among stimuli leads to increases in the full scale IQ scores of both typically developing children and those with educational and learning difficulties. In the first experiment , fifteen 11–12 year old children were exposed over several months to an intensive training intervention to improve their understanding of the relations Same, Opposite and More and Less. Significant increases in full scale IQ of around one standard deviation were recorded for each child. In the second experiment, the same intervention was delivered to thirty 15–17 year old children. Significant increases in verbal and Numerical Reasoning were recorded for almost every child. These findings corroborate the idea that relational skills may underlie many forms of general cognitive ability.

IQ and our Mindset

Scientists now believe that our mindset matters not just on an emotional level, but also on a physiological level. The fact that we believe we can improve our learning capability will enhance our performance in any learning environment. Persisting with tasks even when they are difficult will help us complete them. We have evidence of this in business and sport. The ability of those who are less gifted technically, working harder to achieve higher results. As one psychologist put it “when the chips are down, the person or kid who works harder will help themselves to deliver the results.”

This mindset is about getting outside of our comfort zones in a focused way, having clear goals, with a plan for reaching those goals, and a way to monitor our progress. Research shows that we can increase our brain’s functioning by pushing ourselves to learn things that are outside of our current skill set.  Learn to play an instrument, a new language, or a new skill. This has the effect of exercising our brain in a new way which expands our brain’s neural networks.

Also, as some of our abilities such as fluid reasoning, crystallized intelligence or verbal abilities are more stable over time, others are less stable as in short-term memory and cognitive processing speed. So, working our brain or doing brain exercises can increase brain functioning.

IQ and our Brain

More and more evidence based, and scientifically validated research seems to point to the fact that it is possible for us to raise our intelligence levels through brain training activities.Memory training, executive control, and reasoning can help to boost our intelligence levels. The best way to train these areas of our brain is to engage in thoughtful activities and games, learn new skills, and keep our brains active.

Source: IQ and your Brain

Brain Speed Games to Improve Skills

SMART Brain Speed Training

The SMART Brain Speed game will improve your information processing and visualization skills. At RaiseYourIQ we know that fluency is a crucial part of your intellectual activity. How quickly your brain can process the events around you determine how effectively you can react to and remember those events.

At RaiseYourIQ we believe the key to improving processing speed lies in making stronger connections in your brain, which allow your brain signals to travel at higher speeds. Though most of this type of hardwiring of the brain occurs during childhood, you can still take action to sustain and even potentially improve your brain’s processing speed.

Our game will help you increase your relational skill fluency by choosing any training stage that you have mastered within SMART, but which still challenges you. You then select a lower response time limit within the game to enhance your fluency.

When we talk about the processing speed of the brain, we are referring to the rate at which anyone can take in a new piece of information, reach an understanding about it, and then formulate a response to it. Based on this definition of fluency, we believe the key to improving your brain processing speed lies in making stronger connections in the brain, which allows your brain signals to travel at higher speeds.

SMART Brain Speed works on the long-term transfer of processing-speed training skills to real-world educational, professional, social, communication, and life skills.

Online brain speed games to improve skill fluency. The brain games from RaiseYourIQ will improve how your brain can process events.

Source: Brain Speed Games to Improve Skills

Intellectual and cognitive development is not limited to children as adults brain functions also continue to grow throughout life stages. Intellectual development is all about our ability to process information, learn, think and understand various strands that surround our living world. Brain training works to improve our cognitive abilities and develop skills in logical reasoning, memory, maths, science, reading, writing and verbal comprehension. RaiseYourIQ has developed the “SMART Brain Training” platform to help people improve IQ, expand their logic and reasoning abilities while matching thinking and planning abilities with actions.

 

Personal brain training games

Brain Training: What Is A Relational Skill?

A relational skill is a skill involved in understanding the relationship between things in the world. Understanding the relationships between a set of cousins, or understanding that a particular group of plants are all of the same kind (e.g., flowers), or understanding that a Poodle is a type of dog but a dog is not a type of poodle, are all examples of basic relational skills. But of course, they get more complicated than this. The relational skills you need to understand high level mathematics or to read and speak well, are more advanced skills. SMART Brain Training teaches a range of basic but crucial relational skills and brings your relational skills to expert levels, so that all intellectual tasks come easier. SMART brain training makes you a faster and better learner. SMART helps new information make more sense, and helps you think more clearly.

Cognitive learning is your ability to acquire or learn new things and then the ability to process, reason, retain and relate this new information into your everyday life or education. Learning is about “Thinking using your Brain”, so the fitter the brain is to process information, the better your thinking, problem solving and cognitive skills. Cognitive learning works to underpin academic learning and your intelligence levels by improving a child’s or adults’ mental capabilities which opens the brains ability to successfully learn new information and concepts like science, math, languages, formulas etc.

Source: Personal brain training games

RaiseYourIQ SMART brain training is our flagship product for both personal and professional users. It is scientifically based on established principles of learning that have been proven to underlie intellectual development across a wide range of areas (reading, problem solving, reasoning, and so on).

The Academic Research Team behind RaiseYourIQ has helped to develop a widely used theory of cognitive development known as Relational Frame Theory and have harnessed the vast evidence base for this theory to deliver the most powerful brain training tool ever produced.

SMART is the only brain training tool in the world to be supported by published scientific research from several independent laboratories. No other tool has been proven in the scientific literature to significantly enhance general intelligence or educational aptitude.

The founders of RaiseYourIQ (Doctor Bryan Roche and Doctor Sarah Cassidy) have played a key role identifying how “relational skills training” impacts a person’s intellectual ability. We then devised the SMART brain training course to teach people these crucial learning skills. RaiseYourIQ have also published two experiments which show that IQ can be increased by a large amount using our method – something no other brain training company has done.

Our personal brain training games can be used for learning, education and improving overall intelligence.

 

 

 

The science behind brain training

The science and scientific evidence supporting brain training from RaiseYourIQ

Source: The science behind brain training

The Science behind SMART Intellectual Skills Training

Dr. Bryan Roche and Dr. Sarah Cassidy have worked as scientists for many years in the development of the SMART brain training method. The RaiseYourIQ approach to brain health is based on Relational Frame Theory – a modern theory of cognition that our team has helped to develop over the past two decades. Dr. Roche was the co-editor of the two seminal texts on this theory. Dr. Cassidy was the leading researcher behind the first demonstration of IQ gains resulting from relational skills training.

RaiseYourIQ offers the only brain training system in the world that is based on tried and tested systems of intellectual skills interventions used in the clinical setting (for example the methods of Applied Behaviour Analysis), and that has been shown in published scientific research to lead to real, large, and objectively measurable gains in general intelligence (IQ). No other method benefits from even a single study, showing large and reliable IQ gains as a result of training.

Our SMART system has achieved the holy grail of brain training across several different published studies. That is, we have achieved what scientists call evidence of “far transfer”. This means that increased scores on an IQ test have been proven to result from training on skills that are not directly assessed on the IQ test. In other words, the benefits of our SMART training have been proven to transfer far into intellectual areas that we do not train directly in our system but which are assessed in general intelligence tests (e.g., vocabulary, verbal comprehension, analogical reasoning, numeracy, and so on). This makes SMART training truly unique and revolutionary in its approach to intellectual skills enhancement.

Some of the other tools that we have made available here to schools or clinics (SMART for Dyslexia, KidStarter, FAST emotional flexibility training) are also based on Relational Frame Theory concepts, or on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) methods, which are heavily conceptualized in terms of Relational Frame Theory.

The SMART Brain Training course from RaiseYourIQ is developed and run by education leaders and published psychologists. The founders of RaiseYourIQ are Dr. Bryan Roche and Dr. Sarah Cassidy who have used scientific evidence gathered from over 10 years university research to create this online brain training platform. Numerous published studies have proven that the better your relational skills, the higher your IQ will be. Several other published studies have shown how we can best teach relational skills. Published experiments have also shown that relational skills training like SMART brain training are followed by very significant increases in IQ (at least 10 points) that last for several years. These sorts of IQ rises are enough for a slow learner to be re-classified as normal, or for a normal individual to be reclassified as above normal.

Dyslexia Online Training Game from RaiseYourIQ

SMART Training for Dyslexia

Source: Dyslexia Online Training Game from RaiseYourIQ

SMART BRAIN TRAINING FOR DYSLEXIA

SMART for Dyslexia. We have developed a version of our flagship SMART brain training especially for people with verbal sequencing, or letter discrimination issues and visual processing speed difficulties which are often associated with dyslexic readers. SMART training for Dyslexia teaches fluency in word discrimination and basic sentence grammar principles at the same time.

The SMART for dyslexia training works to reduce the cognitive symptoms of dyslexia that result from cognitive impairment. Research and academic studies show that dyslexia is a condition that makes learning to read and write difficult for millions of people around the world. By reducing the symptoms of dyslexia, our users can improve their daily activities whether at school, in work or in their everyday personal lives.

SMART brain training for dyslexia is founded in research and scientific validation by independent entities.

Note: SMART does not treat dyslexia but works to improve cognitive skills affected by this disorder.

Questions on how brain training works from RaiseYourIQ

Brain training questions on how to improve IQ, intelligence and memory along with free advice from our team of educational psychologists on cognitive training.

Source: Questions on how brain training works from RaiseYourIQ

Most popular questions

Is SMART Brain Training for Kids and Adults the same?

The brain training methods in both SMART Kids and SMART Adult are the same. However the SMART brain training course for children has backgrounds and animated characters that make it a lot more fun learning experience for children and big kids. Regardless of whether you want to raise your IQ for school,business or personal development, the SMART brain training course should take between 3 and 6 months to complete.

Brain Training : What Is A Relational Skill?

A relational skill is a skill involved in understanding the relationship between things in the world. Understanding the relationships between a set of cousins, or understanding that a particular group of plants are all of the same kind (e.g., flowers), or understanding that a Poodle is a type of dog but a dog is not a type of poodle, are all examples of basic relational skills. But of course, they get more complicated than this. The relational skills you need to understand high level mathematics or to read and speak well, are more advanced skills. SMART brain training teaches a range of basic but crucial relational skills and brings your relational skills to expert levels, so that all intellectual tasks come easier. SMART brain training makes you a faster and better learner. SMART helps new information make more sense, and helps you think more clearly.

What Does Brain Training Involve?

The SMART brain training course from RaiseYourIQ is divided into levels with blocks of questions. The course involves teaching the user how to answer blocks of logical questions, first with feedback – and then on their own without any help. There is 30 seconds to answer each question. During training blocks we tell you whether or not your answer is correct. During test blocks you need to answer all of the questions on your own. Once you pass a test, you move on to the next level. You progress like this through the levels, collecting points as you go. You even get bonus points for revising stages you have passed before, because the more you revise the smarter your brain will get. The course should take between three to six months to complete.

Why Is SMART “Brain Training” different?

SMART is not like any other form of brain training, and at RaiseYourIQ we use the term “brain skills training” , or a behavioural training course.<br> SMART Brain Training has been developed by education leaders and published psychologists following over ten years research in schools and university. SMART Brain Training does not work by merely improving working memory or teaching users how to perform well on IQ tests.  Instead, our SMART brain training course teaches the fundamental cognitive skills necessary to improve learning and reasoning in school,business and in everyday life.<br> SMART Brain Training enhances the entire intellectual skill set.<br> Some brain training “games” just focus on working memory, the SMART Brain Training course (we want our users to see this as an educational course with real world benefits) covers the 4 key areas of “Intellectual Performance”<br> (1). Verbal Comprehension – improve ability to listen to a question and draw upon learned information<br> (2). Perceptual Reasoning – improve ability to examine a problem, organize thoughts, create solutions, and then test them<br> (3). Processing Speed – increase attention to quickly scan, discriminate between and order visual information<br> (4). Working Memory – increase the ability to memorize new information, hold it in short-term memory and concentrate<br><br> Take a Free trial and Free Assessment to judge for yourself. 

What age group can benefit from SMART brain training?

At RaiseYourIQ we recommend that a person needs to have a mental age of at least 8 years of age to be able to engage fully with SMART brain training. There is no upper limit – older adults will benefit from the training, just as young people will. SMART brain training will help keep you at your peak mental performance, whatever your age or profession.

Is there a Brain Training Free Trial Option?

Yes. Our brain training free trial which includes a free assessment does not need any credit card details. Signing up could not be easier. Simply click on the “get started” button, fill in some details that we will ask you for, and that is it. Start raising your IQ today.

Can I use SMART brain training on my iPad?

Yes. SMART brain training site has been optimized to work on iPad and other portable computer devices. It also works across all browsers including Safari, Chrome, Explorer and Firefox. All the lessons and progress are stored on your account regardless of what device or app you are using to access RaiseYourIQ site.

Brain Fitness

To key to brain fitness is to schedule in a few times a week to complete the modules on the SMART brain training course. The fitter your brain becomes, the easier learning becomes. Brain training is all about having a fitter brain, it does take time and effort and over the course of the 12-16 weeks on average it takes to complete the SMART course users will see a marked improvement to how psychologists measure brain fitness namely, thinking ability, ability of the brain to focus better and improved memory skills. Think of brain fitness like a gym membership, you make best use of it when you make the time to exercise.

N Back Training

RaiseYourIQ offers n-back training for free as part of the SMART brain training course. N back is a brain performance task for memory and intelligence that is used as an assessment tool in cognitive neuroscience to measure working memory or fluid intelligence. The free RaiseYourIQ N-Back training is scientifically proven to improve the brains working memory and when combined with SMART brain training course can raise IQ levels by over 30 points.

Intellectual Skills

Intellectual skills training has to to with the brains reasoning, analytical, processing and problem-solving skills. Brain training is really intellectual skills training by another term as intellectual skills are what is needed to master tasks the brain performs. Psychologists define intellectual skills as behavioral capability to facilitate the performance of relevant tasks in a business,work or education setting. Intellectual skills training can be applied to most educational or business subjects or indeed psychological related activity to do with memory improvement and cognitive functions.

Brain and Cognitive Skills

Brain and cognitive skills exercises are at the core of the SMART brain training system. Based on over 10 years clinical research in universities and schools, SMART brain training consists of over 70 modules made up of several brain exercises with increasing difficulty levels that target all cognitive skills including verbal comprehension, reasoning, processing speed plus working and long term memory. Brain and cognitive abilities are the brain-based skills we all need to effectively carry out any task from the easiest to the most difficult. Brain training works by improving skill specific changes in the brain which then carry into bigger changes across many different types of skills training and learning ability.IQ tests and results demonstrate that as the brain becomes smarter at a skill, the brain no longer needs to work as hard at it. The brain now shifts to more automatic processing as that skill is learned.

Intellectual Development Help

Intellectual and cognitive development is not limited to children as adults brain functions also continue to grow throughout life stages. Intellectual development is all about our ability to process information,learn, think and understand various strands that surround our living world. Brain training works to improve our cognitive abilities and develop skills in logical reasoning, memory, maths, science, reading, writing and verbal comprehension. RaiseYourIQ has developed the “SMART” platform to help people improve IQ, expand their logic and reasoning abilities while matching thinking and planning abilities with actions.

Cognitive Training Exercises

Cognitive training exercises are a series of brain games, tasks and puzzles to be completed by the adult or kid user. Cognitive training (brain training by another name) works to increase fluid intelligence which can be defined as the the ability to solve “on the spot” problems that cannot be performed by relying on previously learned habits. Research has shown large improvement in the brains reasoning skills when people engaged in working memory training while people who consume trivia knowledge via games show no improvement in reasoning skills. Clinical data shows people who complete cognitive training will attain (a) high working memory, (b) high cognition skills while (c) addressing any cognitive deficits.

What is IQ?

IQ stands for “Intelligent Quotient” IQ relates to a score that a person or child scores from conducting a IQ test usually delivered by a qualified psychologists to assess level of intelligence. A persons IQ level should be used in conjunction with several intelligence scales and most modern psychologists consider IQ as a general indicator of intelligence. The most used standardised IQ test used today is known as the “WAIS”. This IQ test consists of seven verbal tests and seven brain performance tests. IQ is still used in schools, education and business – it can be used as a predictor for academic results and in a corporate setting as a predictor for job performance, usually through the guise of psychometric testing. Also you can read “How is IQ measured” elsewhere in our FAQ’s.

Brain fitness exercises

Brain fitness exercises are really intellectual skills development. Intellectual development like the “brain memory” game on RaiseYourIQ will enhance memory and cognitive skills. Designed by psychologists all the RaiseYourIQ brain training games work to improve the brains fitness levels leading to scientifically proven gains in thinking skills, information processing, fluid intelligence and reasoning skills. These intellectual development areas lead to an overall increase in IQ which can be used as a measure to see how fit or healthy the brain has become over a period of time. RaiseYourIQ includes a pre and post IQ assessment as well as ongoing intelligence assessment as the brain fitness routine progresses through the various learning stages in our intellectual brain training skills course.

Improve Concentration and Focus

Brain training exercises improve concentration, focus and memory. At RaiseYourIQ we see improving concentration as learning a skill which requires practice whether it is for school, business, work or help with ADHD. The RaiseYourIQ brain games which work to improve concentration, focus and memory are “Brain Speed” and “Brain Memory” , the user will see a big improvement in these cognitive areas after 4 to 8 weeks brain training. Over the training period the brain learns to ignore distractions, prioritize information and focus on detail plus a marked improvement in the brains attention skills which are needed to improve working memory. Upon completion of the brain training, the brain is more productive and tests will prove an improvement in IQ by 20-50 points.
Improve IQ Test Score

Brain exercise for wellness

Brain exercise for wellness and mindfulness is important at any time but especially in times of stress or uncertainty. We have evolved to move, for both our bodies and our brain. Both have become fine-tuned to overcome challenges and crisis across the centuries. Research is showing the toll this relatively new sedentary lifestyle is taking on our bodies. In the U.S. the expected life span of younger generations will be shorter and unhealthier than the lives of their parents. Doctors tell us we should be going to the gym, exercise daily, and eat the right kind of food.

While this advice is helpful, many of us forget about another important part of ourselves: our brain. If all accept that psychical exercise is good for our bodies then you should also accept what medical research has long suspected, that the same holds true for our brains. Numerous university and medical research projects have gone into examining the effect of brain training and brain exercise to improve attention, memory, and IQ. Published studies now show very consistent findings that the brain works better after exercise.

The past decade has provided psychologists and scientists with the tools to understand the mechanisms at play to improve our brain via exercise. We know that Relational Frame Training alongside other brain exercise routines lead to changes in how the brain operates. The effect has bolstered the ability of kids to learn, given adults increases relating to cognitive tasks, and even to reduce the cognitive decline associate with aging.

So, let’s talk about the impact of brain exercise for wellness has on your head and your heart.

Brain Exercise Gives Our Brain a Boost

During brain exercise it becomes much more active than at any other time. All of us have two types of brain waves caused by synchronized pules, these are lower frequency and higher frequency waves. The lower frequency waves are to do with tasks such as washing, sleeping, shopping and other routine tasks. While higher frequency waves (known as beta waves) occur when we are mentally active and are associated with our attention, working memory and mental processing capabilities.

Researchers have found that brain exercise has an impact on both the amplitude and frequency of brain waves. This means we become more alert and engaged. Similar to our overall health, if we don’t exercise our bodies, it will deteriorate over time, same goes for our brains if we don’t exercise it.

Build Up Your Neurotransmitters

Very similar to the way that our muscles require a lot more energy during exercise, the brain consumes glucose and other carbohydrates when it and our bodies are active.

Scientists have discovered that our brains will use some of this energy to build more neurotransmitters. These are the chemicals that relay messages around our nervous system. The conclusion is that brain exercise and physical activity has the effect of restocking our brains with essential neurotransmitters to operate optimally.

In fact, this may be why exercise in general has been shown to alleviate depression.

A Younger Brain

We know from published studies which suggest that exercise kickstarts the production of growth factors which nourish new neurons while helping existing cells survive. One such study found that mentally and psychically active people tend to have healthier blood vessels plus a brain that appears to be younger.

While these changes in our brains can take at a few weeks to develop, they do lead to long lasting improvements in the regions of our brains associated with cognitive tasks such as working memory.

Research carried out in the 1990’s showed that our brain will reach its peak performance between the ages of 16 and 25. After that, our cognitive functioning or our ability to mentally process and carry out tasks starts to decline naturally. So, our ability to change, process certain tasks, and introduce new processes will become harder.

We should understand the importance of this since brain exercise programs have been are designed to keep our brain functional. A few simple examples of this is being able to do our daily tasks, remembering information, retaining memories, and ability to focus. This may not seem a big issue now, however it will become more relevant as we age when the threat of dementia, amnesia, or Alzheimer’s appear, issues that could be reduced through regular brain exercise.

Even more research into aging adults and brain exercise have shown an increase in Gray matter volume in regions of the brain associated with general intelligence and executive functions. This includes everything from our attention skills to planning to our problem-solving capabilities.

Increased Focus and Concentration Skills

Regular exercise changes the number of neurons in our brains and how they communicate. People who exercise regularly show increased connectivity between parts of the brain involved in memory, attention, decision-making, multitasking, and processing information. At the same time, people who focus on skills and repeated attention to detail tasks have lower connections with a region of our brains usual associated to mind wandering. This indicates that fit and healthy people may have increased focus or concentration skills.

Do Brain Exercise Techniques Work?

Doctor Bryan Roche and Doctor Sarah Cassidy, the co-founders of RaiseYourIQ have published several scientific papers on our Relational Frame Training can increase your IQ and other gains relating to improving cognition and brain fitness.

Dr. Roche has developed an online intervention, based on Relational Frame Theory, that is the only intervention currently known by psychologists to increase IQ by clinically significant degrees (around 15 points) for many or most users.

This method is known as SMART (Strengthening Mental Abilities with Relational Training). Dr. Roche also conducts research into fear and avoidance as part of wider interest in anxiety, and has developed a new implicit test, built from first learning principles, called the FAST (Function Acquisition Speed Test), also available online as a test and in modified form as a therapeutic intervention to enhance psychological flexibility in the context of troubling emotional issues.

Source: Brain exercise for wellness