New Evidence That IQ Can Be Increased With Brain Training

Source:New Evidence That IQ Can Be Increased With Brain Training

A new scientific paper I produced along with Sarah Cassidy and other colleagues, published in the journal Learning and Individual Differences, shows that significant increases in general intelligence, of 28 points on average, can be produced by undertaking online relational skills training. Furthermore, significant improvements in overall educational aptitude can be achieved by a few months of practicing one’s relational skills. Bryan Roche Source: Bryan Roche

In previous blogs, I have outlined the rationale behind this training and argued that a Relational Frame Theory (RFT) approach to intellectual development may hold the key to a functional approach to brain training. That is, RFT claims to have identified some basic building blocks of intellectual development, which center around the ability to understand complex inter-relations among stimuli. For example, understanding that if something is opposite to two other things, then those two things must be the same as each other, involves a relation skill. As another example, if one object is worth more than another, the second one is worth less than the first. The idea that these skills not only underlie intelligence, but constitute it, is core to RFT, a modern behavioral approach, although it sits well with more mainstream cognitive approaches.

While most of us are relatively proficient in basic relational skills, we are actually quite deficient in solving more complex relational problems. To address this deficiency, a form of online brain training called SMART training (Strengthening mental abilities with relational training) was developed by Relational Frame Theory researchers at Maynooth University.

The Cassidy et al. study is the second such study to be published by the Maynooth University team to show that SMART training can increase general intelligence as measured by standardized IQ tests, such as the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC). This new study, however, provides additional evidence that scholastic ability, as measured by a gold standard aptitude test known as the Differential Aptitude Test (DATs), also increases as a result of this very particular form of intellectual skills training.

As documented in previous research, the IQ rises cannot be easily accounted for by practice at the IQ test, because the IQ test was administered only twice, with a several month interval between administrations. Furthermore, IQ rises due to practice are usually very small compared to the rises reported in this latest study. Further still, the training administered to the sample of 11-12 year old children employed in Experiment 1 of this study, was dissimilar to an IQ test. The same applies to the DATs aptitude test. This was administered only twice, and the increases in scores observed for numerical and verbal reasoning far outstripped the increases expected by practice at the test itself. Once again, the online relational skills training did not in any way teach the items on the DATs test. Advertisement

This is the second SMART study to achieve what critics of “brain training” treat as the benchmark for acceptable brain training; the transfer of skills from the training to other tasks. In this regard the Cassidy study provides more evidence that brain training can work to enhance essential intellectual skills, at least if it focuses on relational skills, or what RFT researchers call Arbitrarily Applicable Relational Responding.

A common criticism of brain training is that while it may improve some cognitive skills needed to complete the training, any benefits may have no practical relevance to daily life. In the current study, however, a sample of 30 14-15 year old children were tracked across several months of online training, 2-3 times per week for 30-45 minutes. Practice at relational skills, increased their numerical and verbal reasoning abilities, as measured by the DATs (administered and scored by independent third parties) by a significant degree. Together these numerical indices are used by educators to assess a child’s overall “educational aptitude”, which is the child’s ability to perform well in school across the board. By finding a significant increase in scholastic ability, the current study suggests that SMART relational skills training can make a real and measurable difference to the educability of a child.

While more evidence is always required when such promising results are reported by any new Brain Training method, the case is mounting that a relational frame theory approach to intellectual development may indeed have identified some basic building blocks of intelligence, once thought to be an unchangeable trait.

Brain Games

Brain games fits nicely into the area of neuroscience and education. As game-based-learning grows in popularity not just in education but in health and business brain games can play there part in improving intelligence. Psychologists and educationalists now understand more about learning games in brain cognition and neuroscience to enhance child and adult learning.

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The meaning of “learning” or “knowing” is shifting away from being able to recall and repeat information to being able to find it, evaluate it and use it compellingly at the right time and in the right context. Education and schooling still tends to focus on the acquisition of basic skills and content knowledge, like reading, writing, calculation, history or science. Many experts believe that career and life success today and into the future will depend on education or learning that treats higher order intellectual skills, like the ability to think, solve complex problems or interact deeper through language and media.

Brain Games and brain training games fit naturally in supporting this form of education and life skills. Learning games for the brain are designed to create a compelling platform that challenges the brain , where users come to learn and understand through self-directed exploration. They are constructed to deliver personalized learning and to use data to help players understand how they are doing, what they need to work on and where to go next. Learning games create a compelling need to know, a need to ask, examine, assimilate and master certain skills and content areas. Psychologists and education experts argue that brain games are, first and foremost, learning systems with real world benefits and that this accounts for the sense of engagement and entertainment players experience.

Brain games have also other attributes that facilitate learning. One of these is the state of being known as play. Much of the activity of play consists in failing to reach the goal established by a game’s rules. And yet players rarely experience this failure as an obstacle to trying again and again, as they work harder towards mastery and in so making the brain fitter. There is something in playing brain games that activates the tenacity and persistence required for effective learning.

Learning games to improve brain power has three key moments with important implications for learning whether at home or in the classroom. The first is when a would-be player approaches a game and expresses a wish to participate: “Can I give it a try? Or Can I join in?” The second moment comes when a player asks, “Can I save it?” In other words, “I am going to engage or invest time in this experience, which has personal value and meaning, and I’d like to pick up where I left off.” The third moment comes when a player attains a level of mastery in the game where a test or report can be shown the achievement.

Science and academic research is reporting that brain based game learning could be the Holy Grail in the quest to keep kids in school and on track to reach their true intellectual ability. Brain games are already widely used by teachers, parents, schools, business and other institutions with an interest in learning. Brain training games can function as doorways into content areas, introductions into specific skill sets and/or nodes in larger knowledge networks. But there is nothing new here; games and learning have enjoyed an association long before the dawn of the digital age. Brain games for the brain represents an exciting and limitless activity within the larger, highly engaging learning system that surrounds us all.

Brain training for Children

Brain training is suitable for children over eight years of age right up to students as it helps to raise IQ, making learning easier and inso assisting children in their education. The idea that our Intelligence Quotient (IQ) is an inherited trait and cannot be improved has now been discard by most educational psychologists.

Recent and publicly visible studies published in highly reputable journals such as the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, report large and even long-lasting IQ gains by research volunteers who practice a brain-training type task called the dual n-back task.  This research program, run by John Jonides and colleagues at the University of Michigan, has found improvements in objective measures of fluid intelligence (one important aspect of intelligence) resulting from this form of brain training.

Even giants of intelligence research such as Robert Sternberg, have come around to the idea that intelligence is highly manipulable, subject to social opportunity, up-bringing, educational opportunity, and motivation. Moreover, such academics as Sternberg have argued that the nature-nurture debate it itself often misunderstood and the critical role of environment downplayed as a result a widespread misunderstanding of the concept of ‘hertiability’ as it applies to intelligence (see his book Intelligence and How to Get It).

Brain training for Children

 The RaiseYourIQ intellectual skills intervention is called SMART training (Strengthening Mental Abilities with Relational Training). We do not teach children and students anything that they can use in their examinations (e.g., how to multiply, the capital of Canada). Instead a RaiseYourIQ course will teach the foundational reasoning skills crucial to vocabulary acquisition and mathematical reasoning. In effect, we are giving kids, students and adults the tools to learn more effectively. Moreover our training re-mediates deficits in these skills bases that cannot be taught at school efficiently without extensive one-to-one assistance, plus SMART can even help children to catch up to and even surpass the population average in intellectual ability. The SMART brain training course can act as a springboard from which future learning occurs across all age groups. Brain training for Children.

Brain Training Helps the Mind to Focus

Braining exercises significantly improve the brains ability to pay attention and so learn more. In a recent study into online brain training solutions,  Naomi J. Steiner, director of the CATS Project (Computer Attention Training in Schools for children with ADHD) at Tufts Medical Center, and her colleagues found that computer-based attention-training exercises significantly improved the ability of kids with ADHD to focus and pay attention.

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This supports the research being carried out by the psychology team at RaiseYourIQ. SMART brain training covers all age groups to target intellectual skills training. The course is designed to train the part of the brain by using the brain’s capacity to change. Experts from the medical and psychology community agree that brain training would be appropriate for all children, but also to train attention and learning improvement in adults, even in the 50-plus group. Brain training can have different purposes at different ages whether it is to improve IQ or make learning easier, but there is always the same goal: improving brain function.

Scientists now know that adults use “metacognition”; that is, they think about how they’re thinking and learning. They are aware of how they can use the skills they’re learning to bridge their deficits. The focus has to be about training our brains to become better. Scientists are looking at attention skills as a spectrum. The objective is to have parents and teachers as well as the students and adults themselves identify problems—inattention, inability to complete assignments, forgetfulness, disorganization. They can take advantage of these techniques covered in the SMART brain training course to train their brains. This is a huge paradigm shift.

Everyone could benefit from brain training, whether it is delivered through practitioners or online as the technology has become more accessible. Business and school systems are becoming interested in brain training from a health perspective; giving access to these kinds of brain skills interventions to adults or children during the day is a dream goal.

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People ask “What does SMART brain training address? Quite simply, it helps people pay attention to learning more so raising IQ levels. An example is kids tell us that at school, they realized they were not paying attention but now we can bring ourselves back now.” As they continue to through the brain training course, people strengthen the part of the brain responsible for focusing.

Brain training also decreases hyperactivity and impulsivity. Hyperactivity is the lack of ability to control the body. Impulsivity is the lack of ability to think twice before doing something. What it looks like in business is answering a question without thinking. Or in the classroom it’s shouting out answers without raising your hand. Researchers also have found that brain training improves “executive function”. Executive function skills relate to the brain’s ability to orchestrate what it’s about to do. This brain function is extremely important as school, work and life becomes all about how good people are at organizing their time. More and more research is now proving conclusively that brain training has wide ranging health, self-improvement and educational benefits. For more information on the RaiseYourIQ SMART brain training course visit our website.

IQ Tests

IQ tests and the testing of intelligence levels was devised by French psychologists in the early 1900s to help describe differences in how well and quickly children learn at school. Defined loosely, intelligence refers to our ability to learn quickly and adapt to new situations. IQ tests measure vocabulary, ability to problem-solve, reason logically and so on. IQ scores were only interesting because it was thought that IQ was fixed for life.

The standard IQ tests used by clinical psychologists for diagnostic purposes, such as the Weschler scale, are designed in such a way that it is not easy to prepare for them. The contents are kept surprisingly secret and they are changed regularly. The score given for an individual is a relative one, adjusted based on the performance of people of the same age.

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But even as we become better educated and more skillful at the types of tasks measured on IQ tests (a phenomenon known as the “Flynn effect”, after James Fylnn who first noted it) our IQs stay pretty much the same. This is because the IQ scoring system takes into account the amount of improvement expected over time, and then discounts it. This type of score is called a “standardised score” – it hides your true score and merely represents your standing in relation to your peers who have also been getting smarter at about the same rate.

This apparent stability in IQ scores makes intelligence look relatively constant, whereas in fact we are all becoming more intelligent across and within our lifetimes. The IQ test and the IQ scoring system are constantly adjusted to ensure that the average IQ remains at 100, despite a well-noted increase in intellectual ability worldwide.

The idea that a kids or adults IQ is fixed for life is built into the questionable politics of IQ testing. The most serious consequence of this is the use of IQ tests to blame educational difficulties on students rather than on teaching systems. But it is the job of psychologists to find better ways to teach, not to find better ways to justify the poor performance of students. This particular use of IQ tests has caused one leader in the field of intelligence research, Robert Sternberg, to refer to IQ testing as “negative psychology” in a 2008 article.

IQ Can Be Improved

Those who still beleive that IQ is fixed for life have managed to ignore decades of published research in the field of applied behaviour analysis. This has reported very large IQ gains in children with autism who have been exposed to early intensive behavioural interventions once they have been diagnosed with learning difficulties. Another 2009 Norwegian study examined the effects of an increase in the duration of compulsory schooling in Norway in the 1960s which lengthened the time in education for Norwegians by two years. The researchers used records of cognitive ability taken by the military to calculate the IQ of each individual in the study. They found that IQ had increased by 3.7 points for every extra year of education received. More recent studies by John Jonides and his colleagues at the University of Michigan reported improvements in objective measures of intelligence for those who practised a brain-training task called the “n-back task” – a kind of computerised memory test.

As a co-founder of RaiseYourIQ and the SMART brain training course,  Doctor Bryan Roche has conduced his own research, in the field of relational frame theory, which has shown that understanding relations between words, such as “more than”, “less than” or “opposite” is crucial for our intellectual development. One recent pilot study showed that IQ scores can be raised by 20-30 points by training children in relational language skills tasks over a period of months. Again, this finding challenges the idea that intelligence is fixed for life.

Now is the time to dispell the idea that IQ as a trait that cannot be changed. Undoubtedly, there may be some limits to the development of our intellectual skills. But in the short term, the socially responsible thing to do is not to feel bound by those limits, but to help every child work towards and maximize their intellectual ability. Read more science into RaiseYourIQ.

Brain Training The Frequently Asked Questions

Brain Training The Frequently Asked Questions


Here are some frequently asked questions relating to brain training. The most important points are brain training is an educational skills course and unlike brain training games, a brain training course is designed to raise IQ levels for school, business or self improvement. RaiseYourIQ brain training has been developed our own psychologists and education leaders and is the only science based intervention skills training (brain training) online course.

 

Is brain training just for doing IQ tests?

No. Brain training is about giving you the skills to learn better whether for school,business or professionally. Nothing in the RaiseYourIQ brain training course looks anything like a question on an IQ test, and we focus on training our users in the relational skills they will need in order to think more intelligently. However, our users experience dramatic IQ rises after completing our SMART brain training course, because they are better able to understand and answer complex logical questions of any type whether for education,business or life learning.

 

How long does it take to complete the brain training course?

You should target to complete the brain training course in a three to six month time-frame depending on your schedule and progress. Think of our brain training program as you would any education or skills improvement course. The RaiseYourIQ SMART brain training course has been designed by our psychologists and educational team as an educational skills program. RaiseYourIQ platform includes IQ assessments,feedback and measuring your progress from start to finish.

SMART brain training teaches people how to learn.
We help our students to complete the course, improve their IQ levels and bring this new found brain health into their everyday lives; be it for work,school or self improvement. The first 15 stages are absolutely free with no credit card required plus it also includes the free assessment to check your current IQ level.
Click to start your Brain Training Free Trial

 

SMART brain training for intellectual improvement

The SMART brain training course teaches core relational skills across modules that will improve the user’s skills in;- Using vocabulary
– Understanding word meaning
– Grasping basic and advanced logic
– Remembering information
– Using numbers for mathematics

 

Will I be learning maths or reading if I sign up for SMART?

No! SMART brain training is a problem solving course involving a series of games – the problems are short and logical. What SMART does is teach you how to learn and how to think clearly and logically. We don’t actually teach you any information about maths or anything else!. But SMART makes learning and understanding everything much easier.

 

Can my gifted child benefit from SMART?

Gifted children often present with as many difficulties as children with lower than average IQ’s because typical education systems are targeted at the average range individual. So while a gifted child may already have a very high level of intellectual skills, they may not be expert at organizing their knowledge, at sequencing information or at sustaining attention for long periods of time. Thus they may be able to provide accurate answers, but they may not always be able to provide these answers quickly and succinctly. SMART trains the user in a range of key intellectual skills to a very high level of precision and speed, thus making even a gifted child more fluent at responding to the challenges in their environment.

 

How can I contact RaiseYourIQ?

If you cannot find an answer to your brain training questions the quickest way to get a response is the form on the contact us page. Please note that we cannot answer questions regarding individual psychological conditions or learning profiles or offer any kind of psychological advice on line. Please consult your local psychological services if you need guidance on learning disabilities, require psychological assessments and to understand how RaiseYourIQ could benefit. Contact RaiseYourIQ

 

Why increase my intelligence or IQ?

Intelligence is defined at the ability to learn, understand and make judgments or have opinions that are based on reason. Being intelligent means having the ability to acquire and use knowledge for solving problems and adapting to the world. IQ is simply the unit of measure for expressing the results of intelligence tests. Specifically, IQ is the ratio of a subject’s mental age (as determined by their performance on an intelligence scale) and chronological age. There are many types of intelligence, but only standard IQ predicts your success at school and in work. In fact people with higher IQ scores complete more years in school and have higher status jobs. Recent research has also found that people with higher IQs are also happier and healthier. While you do not need to have a high IQ for its own sake, improving your intellectual ability will help you deal more effectively with school and work challenges, as well as make decisions and solve everyday problems more easily.

 

Why do you ask profile questions?

It is very important that we ask our customers to provide certain information that will help us to provide the best possible training service. Remember, the SMART Brain Training course is tailored to each user, so without your profile information we cannot deliver the most effective training for you, and we cannot improve our services and products for other users. You can alter your profile at any stage by choosing from the drop down menu under the Account link at the top of the RaiseYourIQ home page.

 

Is it really possible to increase intelligence?

We were once told that intelligence or IQ was fixed for life. However, years of research by doctors and psychologists has lead to the discovery of the importance of relational skills to intelligence and it took several more years to by scientists to figure out how best to teach these skills. Today we know that IQ can in fact be increased by quite a degree. There have also been considerable advances in neuroscience in recent years, that have led psychologists to conclude that the brain itself can be made “fitter” with training and can respond and adapt to improved learning opportunities. Even leading authorities, such as Professor Robert Sternberg, now agree that IQ can be raised.

 

 

Brain Training Questions – Frequently Asked Questions.